Track 1: Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
The force of attraction acting from a distance is known as Magnetism, is the feature of combined Electromagnetic force, stimulated from the force formed by magnets. The magnetic field is produced by the movement of electrically charged particles, North and south poles are two poles in a magnet. The motion of electrically stimulated particles gives rise to magnetism. The force acting on an electrically charged particle in a magnetic field breaks on the magnitude of the charge, the velocity of the particle, and the strength of the magnetic field. Permanent magnets, made from constituents such as iron, experience the strongest effects, identified as ferromagnetism. In everyday life paramagnetic, diamagnetic, and antiferromagnetic materials are frequently defined as non-magnetic as the force of a magnet is typically too weak to be felt, and can be noticed only by laboratory instruments.
Track 2: Magnetic Polymer
Magnetism is the latest property to be found in a polymer which has traditionally been restricted to compounds containing metal ions, but in these days, researchers made a carbon-based magnet. Magnetic polymers on the base of epoxy composition and polyethylene within magnetic powder were found. Many forms of magnets can be obtained from these materials, while the magnetic field may be focussed outside or within sample forms. The obtained polymer magnets were elastic and strong. They had high adhesion, and stability to influence of seawater, petroleum, etc.
Track 3: Materials Science
Materials Science delivers a comprehensive theoretical and practical review of advanced materials design and processing. It consists of the unearthing and proposal of new materials. Maximum critical scientific problems that are presently faced by humans are due to the limits of the materials that are obtainable and, as an outcome, major revolutions in materials science are likely to affect future technology. The study on photonic and electronic materials is the base of strategies that exploit electric charge which carries faster and inexpensive equipment for communication and information technologies. Numerous products are made from materials such as all engineered products from airplanes to musical instruments; other energy sources allied with ecologically-friendly engineering expansions, computer chips to data storage devices medical devices to artificial tissues.
Track 4: Electromagnetism
Electromagnetic is defined in terms of the electromagnetic force and also called as Lorentz force, which encompasses both electricity and magnetism as distinct indexes of the same phenomenon. The electromagnetic power assumes a remarkable part in deciding the inside properties of most questions experienced in everyday life. Electromagnetism is primarily the art of electromagnetic fields. An electromagnetic field is a field formed by matters that are charged electrically. In a certain range of frequency, there are several electromagnetic fields viz. UV waves, Radio waves, X-rays, Infrared waves, etc.
Track 5: Superconductivity
Superconductivity is a phenomenon that typically occurs at very low temperatures, in which some metals have zero electrical resistance and, so very strong magnetic fields are resulted. Superconductivity has numerous real-world applications, such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). However, its hands-on applications have been limited by the disbursement required to cool material to very low temperatures which have been vital to reach superconductive states.
Track 6: Magnetic Storage
Magnetic storage or magnetic recording is the storing of data on a magnetized medium. Magnetic storage uses many forms of magnetisation in a magnetisable material to store data and is a form of non-volatile memory. The information is retrieved using one or more read/write heads. Magnetic storage media, mainly hard disks, are broadly used to store computer data along with audio and video signals. Floppy disks, magnetic recording tape, and magnetic stripes on credit cards are the other examples of magnetic storage media.
Track 7: Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic (EM) radiation contains electromagnetic waves, which are synchronized oscillations of electric and magnetic fields. Electromagnetic waves of different frequency are named by different names meanwhile they have different sources and effects on matter. X-rays, Radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, and gamma rays are examples of Electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic waves are produced by electrically charged particles undergoing acceleration, and these waves can subsequently interact with other charged particles. These waves transmit momentum, energy, and angular momentum away from their source particle and can impart those amounts to matter with which they interact.
Track 8: Functional Magnetic Materials
Magnetic materials play a key role in the evolution of industrial development and scientific growth. They are continually used in power generation and transmission, medical devices, electronic devices, analog and digital data storage, sensors and scientific equipment, magnetic therapy, and drug delivery, etc. Functional magnetic materials are materials with exceptional physical characteristics, which can be affected when exposed to an applied excitement such as a magnetic field. They are also called as the smart materials of the future.
Track 9: Novel Magnetic Materials and Device Applications
Magnetic Materials and their applications confer the ideologies and perceptions behind magnetic materials and inform their claims in the field of physics and engineering. Magnetic materials form vibrant machineries in many different types of equipment from motors to computer systems. The technology is far away from stationary, and recent advances comprise microwave ferrites, magneto-optic recording. Hard magnets are connected in the information stockpiling simple and information stockpiling advanced. Extraordinary turn structures in multi-layered materials are allied in quantum gadgets through the items like GMR perusing head and MRAM.
Track 10: Special Magnetic Materials
Special Magnetic materials are those materials that are studied and used mostly for their magnetic properties. The magnetic response of special magnetic material is mostly determined by the magnetic dipole moment associated with the fundamental angular momentum, or spin, of its electrons. Some magnetic materials tend only to be either ferromagnetic or ferroelectric, and those that are multiferroics only exhibit these properties at low temperatures. Rarely, materials possess both these properties and are identified as multiferroics. Scientists working at the Diamond Light Source have now been able to probe the magnetic properties of a multiferroic using the beamline I16.