Track 1: PCOS-Women Health
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is triggered by hormonal secretion imbalance, one in every 10 women are generally affected. PCOS is considered one of the common reasons for infertility and is treatable. PCOS leads to hormonal imbalance in women’s bodies and affects the total health and appearance. Some common symptoms of PCOS include irregular menstrual cycle, acne, thinning of hair, darkening of skin, excess weight gain. Women throughout this condition square measure at higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, high blood pleasure, and female internal reproductive organ cancer known as (Endometrial Cancer). Utmost women with PCOS have several cysts on their ovaries. PCOS most usually remains undiagnosed. About 70% of women affected with PCOS remains undiagnosed, there is no cure for PCOS, but medications are being used to manage the symptoms of PCOS.
Track 2: PCOS and Pregnancy
The polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common hormonal condition in women. Women with PCOS face many problems to become pregnant and are at higher risk of developing complications in pregnancy. Though, by managing the symptoms, many women with PCOS can become pregnant and have a healthy baby. Women with PCOS are three times more likely to have a miscarriage, as compared to women who don’t have PCOS. They are also more likely to develop preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and have a larger baby and premature delivery. This could lead to difficulty during delivery or cesarean delivery.
Track 3: PCOS And Fertility
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 1 in 10 women of motherhood age. Fertility can be affected with a Polycystic ovarian syndrome, when it is triggered by issues like an excess production of androgens called male hormones, Insulin levels along with inflammation causes anovulation. Anovulation deals with the inability to release an oocyte due to irregular menstrual cycles. Women with PCOS have a hormonal imbalance and metabolism complications that may affect their health and appearance. Having PCOS does not mean the woman can't get pregnant. But it’s hard to become pregnant for women which can cause difficulty in getting pregnancy which may lead complication to get pregnant and most of the hormones become unbalanced results in making hard to carry a baby PCOS is one of the most common, but treatable, causes of infertility in women.
Track 4: Fertility and Infertility – Women
Infertility is described as the inability of a couple to get pregnant or the incapability of a woman to carry a pregnancy to term. Fertility can be defined as the women have hormonal cycles which determine when they can achieve pregnancy, the capability of women to produce an offspring called fertility. Fertility failures in order with age progression in both men and women. Women generally have a high rate of losing fertility around the age of 45-50. There are no such definite factors to evaluate the cause of infertility it depends on the hormonal imbalances but the main symptom of infertility includes, irregular menstrual cycles, incapability to get pregnant, hormonal problems such as hair growth, sexual function. Female infertility can result from age, hormone imbalance, and lifestyle or environmental factors.
Track 5: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Obstetrics deals with the care of pregnant women, the unborn baby, labor and delivery, and the instant period following childbirth. This field of obstetrics is connected with gynecological conditions like Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) which has a vast relationship with the women bearing pregnancy this PCOS consequence has a supreme effect on reproductive women. There are numerous reasons that include PCOS and initiating an obstruction for the pregnancy, the main factor is excess insulin production which leads to the decrease in metabolism, thus causes dysfunction of pancreases.
Track 6: Fertility Management and Treatment
High levels of male sex hormones (Androgens) and irregularity in the production of sugar levels results in insulin resistance can unfavorably affect the menstrual cycle and prevent the release of an egg on a regular basis and can even stop irregularly or completely. This condition makes it more difficult for women suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome to have their easy pregnancy and it is more difficult for those women to conceive, sometimes it can lead to miscarriage. About 9% of couples are unhappily childless. In current years, publicity about infertility treatments has amplified, and couples are now more willing to pursue advice.
Track 7: In vitro fertilization (IVF)
Today, In vitro fertilization (IVF) is almost a household word. But not so long ago, it was a mysterious technique for infertility that produced what was then called "test-tube babies. IVF is a complex sequence of procedures used to help with fertility or avoid genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. IVF is the method of fertilization by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then physically combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. Then the embryos are transferred to the uterus.
Track 8: Diet and PCOS
Diet can help in reducing the impact of PCOS. The following healthy foods can keep blood sugar levels in check, lower inflammation, and help you maintain a healthy weight to ease the side effects of gut issues-
A high-fiber diet- This includes- Sweet Potatoes, broccoli, Seeds, Pumpkin, Berries, Legumes, Whole Grains that help in lower insulin levels, and antioxidants which fight to lower inflammation, and better gut bacteria.
Anti-inflammatory foods and spices- The best inflammation-fighting antioxidant-filled foods include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and unsaturated fats.
Lean Protein- Eating more lean protein (Fish, Lean poultry, Plant protein sources, tomatoes) may help weight loss, as well as keeping you fuller for longer.
Foods to avoid- foods high in refined carbohydrates, such as white bread and muffins, inflammatory foods, such as processed and red meats, sugary snacks, and drinks.
Track 9: Drug Treatment and Medication for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Treatments can help in managing the symptoms of PCOS and lower chances for long-term health problems such as diabetes and heart disease. One of the best habits to deal with PCOS is to eat well and exercise regularly. When a healthy diet and regular exercise aren't sufficient, medications can make losing weight easier. Drugs mostly suggested by the gynecologists for the treatment of PCOS include metformin (off-label use), eflornithine (topical cream to treat hirsutism), spironolactone, major drugs used in the case of blood glucose levels, diabetes, high blood pressure, and high blood sugars and oral contraceptives. Oral contraceptives comprising a combination of estrogen and progestin increase sex hormone-binding globulin levels and thus decrease the permitted testosterone level. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels are also suppressed.
Track 10: Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer starts when cells in the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus) start to grow in an uncontrollable way. Endometrial cancer typically occurs in women past menopause. More than 95% of endometrial cancer occurs in women over 40. Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer. Most cancers of the uterus are endometrial cancer. Other types of cancer can form in the uterus like uterine sarcoma, but are much less common than endometrial cancer. Endometrial cancer is frequently detected at an early stage because it commonly produces abnormal vaginal bleeding. If endometrial cancer is discovered earlier, removing the uterus surgically frequently cures endometrial cancer.
Track 11: Postnatal Depression
Postnatal depression is a type of depression that many parents experience after having a baby which was regularly observed in women who are in relation with PCOS neither after giving birth to a child, affecting more than 1 in every 10 women within a year of giving birth. It can also affect fathers and partners. After giving birth many women feel down, anxious in the first week, this is known as the "baby blues" and is so common that it's considered normal. The "baby blues" normally do not last for more than 2 weeks after giving birth. If the symptoms last longer or start later, then is called postnatal depression. In the first year after giving birth, Postnatal depression can start at any time.
Track 12: Current Trends in The Treatment of PCOS
Polycystic ovary syndrome, one of the most common endocrine diseases, affects almost 5%–10% of women of childbearing age and founds the utmost common cause of female sterility nevertheless of the need or not for treatment, a change in lifestyle is vital for the treatment to work and ovulation to be reinstated. Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome are four times more likely than the overall population to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus. When a change in the lifestyles is not sufficient, the first step in ovulation induction is clomiphene citrate. The second-step suggestion is either exogenous gonadotrophins or laparoscopic ovarian surgery. The third recommended treatment is In vitro fertilization (IVF). Metformin use in PCOS should be controlled to women with glucose intolerance.