Track 1. Recycling Waste – The Environment Protection:
Recycling is the technique of changing waste materials into reusable objects to stop waste of probably beneficial materials, decrease the consumption of clean raw materials, energy usage, air pollution from incineration and water pollution by means of reducing the need for “conventional” waste disposal and reducing greenhouse fuel emissions in contrast to plastic production. Recycling is a key factor of current waste reduction and is the third component of the “Reduce, Reuse and Recycle” waste. Recycling no longer solely advantages the surroundings however additionally have a tremendous impact on the economy.
Benefits of Recycling:
- Reduces amount of waste sent to landfills and incinerators.
- Conserves natural resources such as timber, water & minerals.
- Increases economic security by tapping a domestic source of materials.
- Prevents pollution by reducing the need to collect new raw materials.
- Saves energy.
Track 2. Waste Management – Human Health and Environment:
The method of waste management includes treating solid and liquid waste. During the treatment, it additionally affords a range of options for recycling objects that aren’t categorized as trash. The whole thought as a consequence boils down to re-using garbage as a precious resource and given our current environmental climate, this system is extraordinarily imperative for all households and businesses. “Waste management is all the things to do and movements required for control waste from its inception to closing disposal. This consists of amongst different things, collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste collectively with monitoring and regulation.
The Benefits of Waste Management:
- Better Environment
- Reduces Pollution
- Conserves Energy
- Creates Employment
- Helps Make a Difference
- Various Methods of Waste Disposal
- Recovery and Recycling
- Plasma gasification
- Waste to Energy (Recover Energy)
- Special Waste Disposal
- Avoidance/Waste Minimization
Track 3. Renewable Energy - Power for a Sustainable Future:
Renewable energy, frequently referred to as clean energy, comes from natural sources or techniques that are continuously replenished. For example, sunlight or wind preserve shining and blowing, even if their availability relies upon on time and weather. The developing interest in "renewables" has been brought on in part, with the aid of growing challenge over the pollution, resource depletion and feasible climate change alternate implications of our persevering with use of conventional fossil and nuclear fuels. But current technological tendencies have additionally multiplied the cost-effectiveness of many of the renewables, making their monetary potentialities seem to be increasingly more attractive.
Track 4. Water, Sanitation, Hygiene, and Waste Management for the COVID-19 Virus:
The provision of safe water, sanitation and hygienic prerequisites is vital for defending human health at some stage in all infectious disease outbreaks, inclusive of coronavirus sickness (COVID-19). Ensuring evidenced-based and consistently applied WASH and waste management practices in communities, homes, schools, marketplaces, and healthcare facilities will help prevent human-to-human transmission of, the virus that causes COVID-19. Sanitary waste is bio-hazardous, since it harbors pathogens which spread infectious diseases. It cannot be stored for long. it decomposes very quickly, spreads bad odors and is disgusting to be around.
Track 5: Covid-19 Biomedical Waste:
Disposal of biomedical waste generated from hospitals treating COVID-19 patients additionally needs intense care as they can be potential carriers of the virus – SARS CoV2. Biomedical waste from COVID-19 wards is surpassed over to the collection dealers with a separate tag, after packing and sealing it in a three-layered cover. Hospitals that are concerned in COVID-19 management are now not supposed to combine them with other biomedical waste.
Types of Biomedical Waste:
Track 6. Medical Hazardous Waste Disposal and Treatment Technologies:
The risks of infection from medical waste and preclude scavenging may concurrently cause other health and environmental hazards. The incineration of certain kinds of medical waste, particularly those which contain heavy metals or chlorine, may release toxic substances into the atmosphere (due to, for example, insufficiently high incineration temperatures or the inadequate control of emissions). Disposal of the waste by burial in landfill may cause the pollution of groundwater (if the site is inappropriately designed and/or managed). Because of the aforementioned hazards, when a treatment or disposal solution for medical waste is selected (especially when there is a risk of toxic emissions or other dangerous consequences), the relative risks and the integration of the method into the overall framework of a comprehensive waste strategy should be carefully evaluated taking local conditions into consideration.
The Various Technologies for Medical Waste Disposal:
Wet Thermal Treatment